President Biden details his tax proposals for individuals

President Biden’s proposals for individual taxpayers were outlined in an April 28 address to Congress and in an 18-page fact sheet released by the White House. The “American Families Plan” contains tax breaks for low- and middle-income taxpayers and tax increases on those “making over $400,000 per year.”

Here’s a summary of some of the proposals.

Extended tax breaks

Extend the Child Tax Credit (CTC) increases in the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) through 2025 and make the credit permanently fully refundable. The ARPA made several changes to the CTC for 2021. For example, it expanded the credit for eligible taxpayers from $2,000 to $3,000 per child ages six and above, and $3,600 per child under age six. It also made 17-year-olds eligible to be qualifying children for the first time and made the credit fully refundable. It also provides for monthly advance payments of the credit that will be paid from July through December 2021.

The American Families Plan would make permanent the full refundability of the CTC, while extending the other expansions of it through 2025. “The credit would also be delivered regularly,” the fact sheet states, meaning that monthly payments would continue to families rather than waiting until tax season to claim the credit.

Permanently increase the Child and Dependent Care Credit. The ARPA increased the amount of the credit for many taxpayers and made it refundable. The American Families Plan would make these changes permanent.

Extend expanded Affordable Care Act tax credits for premiums. The ARPA expanded the premium credit that’s available to many people enrolled in an exchange-purchased qualified health plan, which in effect, lowers plan premiums for them. This expansion applies to 2021 and 2022. The American Families Plan would make the premium reductions permanent.

Make the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) expansion for childless workers permanent. The ARPA made changes that roughly tripled the EITC for childless workers for 2021. The American Families Plan would make the changes permanent.

Tax increases

Increase the top tax rate to 39.6%. The proposed plan would restore the top tax bracket to what it was before the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, returning it to 39.6% from 37%. This would apply to taxpayers in the top 1%.

Increase the capital gains tax for “households making over $1 million.” They would pay the same 39.6% rate on all income, ra